The China shock and employment in Portuguese firms

China’s rise as an export powerhouse has impacted labor markets across the Western world – but the effects appear to differ dramatically across countries.  We evaluate the impact of rising Chinese exports on employment in Portuguese manufacturing industries by looking at both direct competition in the Portuguese market and indirect competition in Portugal’s largest export… Continue reading The China shock and employment in Portuguese firms

The impact of international migration on the Portuguese public pension system: a scenario analysis

Migration might constitute one possible pathway to mitigating the effects of the aging population on the financial stability of pension systems as migrant flows tend to present younger age-structures than their receiving countries. While this argument was proposed a few decades ago and subject to discussion ever since, there have only been a few empirical… Continue reading The impact of international migration on the Portuguese public pension system: a scenario analysis

Local Territorial Reform and Regional Spending Efficiency

Quite often, one encounters arguments advocating that mergers or amalgamation of territorial units are a pathway to reduce public spending and increase efficiency, pointing to advantages of economies of scale in the provision of public services. However, this article argues that these advantages might have been oversold. The article assesses the changes on municipal efficiency… Continue reading Local Territorial Reform and Regional Spending Efficiency